Course curriculum

  • 1

    Course content

    • PowerPoint slides

    • Handout

    • Three’s a Crowd…Or is it? Multilingualism in Deaf Children

    • Quiz

    • Evaluation

    • Continuing Education Units

Course info

Course Description: Given that the population of the United States continues to grow in diversity, this is no different within the Deaf community. Historically, the Deaf community has had members that identify as a part of the Deaf and another racial/cultural/linguistic group. Deaf children strive to be “Bi-Bi”: Bilingual-Bicultural in English/ASL in school settings, and that's what the research says is best. However,  children who are Deaf and part of another racial/cultural/linguistic group are at a higher risk for language deprivation due to systemic factors.


20 minutes: Framing and Historical Context, Language Deprivation in Deaf Children of Color, Multilingual Environments in School and in the Home 

20 minutes: "Keep it Simple: You Take Home 3" -Take (3) Home Messages, a Handout, a Toolkit/Resource to use in therapy/instruction.

20 minutes: Trifecta toolkit overview, common misconceptions, addressing supports, naming resources

Learner Outcomes:

Participants will be able to:

  1. State factors leading to language gaps and delays in Deaf children of color

  2. State strategies for diverse family engagement including strategies for monolingual practitioners to families with culturally responsive approaches

  3. State socially and cultural responsive approaches to providing service to Deaf Children of Color including seeking and developing resources


Leslie Manjarrez

Leslie is trilingual: English, Spanish and American Sign Language. She holds a Deaf and Hard of Hearing specialist credential and an additional authorization in BCLAD; ASL-English. She has over 10 years of experience in Deaf education which spans infant to adult within a variety of environments from in-person, in-home, school classrooms, and virtual online instruction. She graduated from the University of California San Diego with a B.S. in Biology and an M.A. in Education Studies, Teaching, and Learning (Bilingual Education-ASL). In addition, she holds a Deaf and Hard of Hearing Infants, Toddlers, and Families (ITF); Collaboration and Leadership certificate from Gallaudet University. She has completed a Child Life Practicum at UCSF which was based in a clinical setting. Leslie brings a unique perspective that lends to providing holistic assessments and services for Deaf children of all ages with diverse backgrounds.

Brandi Drogorub

Brandi is bilingual: English and American Sign Language. She has both a B.A. in Deaf Studies with a concentration in Deaf Education and an M.A. degree in Special Education; Deaf and Hard of Hearing from California State University Northridge. Brandi's thesis emphasized the role of color and social-emotional intelligence as related to literature and language development. She holds a Deaf and Hard of Hearing specialist credential and additional authorizations in autism and ELA. Brandi has 18 years of experience that spans from infants to adults within a variety of environments that include in-person, in-home, school settings, online, and direct one-on-one support. Brandi has presented at conferences state and nationwide as a part of various organizations that support Deaf children. She is a recognized expert in Deaf education.

Fatima Sol

Fatima is bilingual: Spanish and English. She holds a B.A. in Political Science from the University of California Santa Barbara, which sparked her interest to pursue Special Education. She has an M.S. in Communication Sciences Disorders from the MGH Institute of Health Professions, Boston, MA. She is an experienced Speech-Language Pathologist who utilizes evidence-based practices in school-based programs and clinical settings that encompass a variety of delivery models. She has served a range of children from 3 years to adults and specializes in pediatric populations. Fatima is skilled in articulation, autism spectrum disorder, learning disabilities, augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), and assistive technology.

Speaker disclosures

Financial disclosure: Leslie Manjarrez, Fatima Matal Sol, and Brandi Drogorub are receiving royalties for this course.

Nonfinancial disclosure: Leslie Manjarrez is a member of Hands and Voices. Fatima Matal Sol is a member of Hands and Voices. Brandi Drogorub is a member of Hands and Voices.

Continuing Education

This course is offered for 0.10 ASHA CEUs.